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    Efficient Multisensory Barrier for Obstacle Detection on Railways

    TítuloEfficient Multisensory Barrier for Obstacle Detection on Railways
    Tipo de publicaciónJournal Article
    Año de publicación2010
    AutoresGarcia, JJ, Ureña, J, Hernández, Á, Mazo, M, Jiménez, JA, Álvarez, FJ, Marzziani, CD, Jiménez, A, Díaz, JM, Losada-Gutiérrez, C, García, E
    Idioma de publicaciónEnglish
    Revista académicaIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
    Páginas702 - 713
    Fecha de publicación09/2010

    On current railway systems, it is becoming ever more necessary to install safety elements to avoid accidents. One of the causes that can provoke serious accidents is the existence of obstacles on the tracks, either fixed or mobile. In this paper, a multisensory system that can inform the monitoring system about the existence of obstacles is proposed. The system for obstacle detection consists of two emitting and receiving barriers, which are placed on opposing sides of the railway, respectively, and use infrared and ultrasonic sensors, thus establishing different optical and acoustic links between them. The interruption of one or several links should produce an alarm. However, even without the existence of objects, degradation of links could occur due to atmospheric attenuation, solar radiation, etc., also producing an activation of the alarm system. Since detection is based on the lack of radiation in the detectors, the use of complementary sensors for the same task is justified. Since the minimum size of an object for which an alarm is required to be generated is 50 × 50 × 50 cm, in some situations, several links are interrupted; however, alarms should not be generated. Typical cases are the flight of leaves or the movement of small animals in the scanned area. To avoid alarm activation in such situations, this paper proposes the combined use of diverse techniques of data fusion, based on fuzzy logic and the Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence, to validate the existence of objects, providing a highly reliable detection system.

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