TY - JOUR
T1 - Decoupling Intensity Radiated by the Emitter in Distance Estimation from Camera to IR Emitter
JF - Sensors
Y1 - 2013
A1 - Angel Cano
A1 - Carlos Andres Luna
A1 - Jose L. Lazaro
A1 - P. Fernandez
A1 - A. Infante
A1 - Y. Pompa
AB - Various models using radiometric approach have been proposed to solve the problem of estimating the distance between a camera and an infrared emitter diode (IRED). They depend directly on the radiant intensity of the emitter, set by the IRED bias current. As is known, this current presents a drift with temperature, which will be transferred to the distance estimation method. This paper proposes an alternative approach to remove temperature drift in the distance estimation method by eliminating the dependence on radiant intensity. The main aim was to use the relative accumulated energy together with other defined models, such as the zeroth-frequency component of the FFT of the IRED image and the standard deviation of pixel gray level intensities in the region of interest containing the IRED image. By using the abovementioned models, an expression free of IRED radiant intensity was obtained. Furthermore, the final model permitted simultaneous estimation of the distance between the IRED and the camera and the IRED orientation angle. The alternative presented in this paper gave a 3% maximum relative error over a range of distances up to 3 m.
PB - MDPI
CY - Suiza
VL - 13
IS - 6
ER -